Curriculum Vitae


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Mailing Address 7155 Calabria Court, Unit D, San Diego, CA 92122
Business Telephone: (858) 453-5032


1956     B.A.; Houghton College, Houghton, NY
1962     M.A.; University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1967     Ph.D.; University of California, Berkeley, CA


2000-2006     Associate Director for Conservation and Science, and Head, Office of Giant Panda Conservation, Zoological Society of San Diego
1979-00     Head, Behavior Division, Zoological Society of San Diego (San Diego Zoo and Wild Animal Park), San Diego, CA

1975-81 Associate Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA (on leave 1979-81)

1973-75 Chairman and Associate Professor of Anthropology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA

1967-73 Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Davis, CA

1972 Visiting Lecturer in Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, CA (summer)

1969-72 Assistant Research Anthropologist, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA

1964-69 Assistant Research Anthropologist, California Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis, CA


1990 Winner of National Zoological Park's Centennial Award for Excellence in Zoo Research.

1998 Recipient of American Zoo Association's President's Award for outstanding contributions to conservation and science.

2003 Distinguished Primatologist Award, American Society of Primatologists.


Committees and Editorial Service


1969-71 Member, Education Committee, Animal Behavior Society.

1970-75 Member, Committee on Primate Conservation, National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources.

1970-71 Secretary-Treasurer, American Association of University Professors, University of California, Davis Chapter.

1971-72 Chairman, Chancellor's Advisory Committee on Animal Care, University of California, Davis.

1972 Organizer and Co-chairman, Conference on Primate Utilization and Conservation, Battelle Seattle Research Center, August 11-12.

1976 Founding Member, American Society of Primatologists.

1977-81 Member, Conservation Committee, American Society of Primatologists.

1978-79 Member, Research Committee, Zoological Society of San Diego.

1979-82 Member and Chair, Committee on the Status of Women in Anthropology, American Anthropological Association.

1981-00 Associate Editor, American Journal of Primatology.

1982-88 Associate Editor, Zoo Biology.

1982-86 Member, California Condor Working Group on Captive Breeding and Reintroduction, Condor Research Center, Ventura, CA.

1982-90 Member, Scientific Research Committee, Jane Goodall Institute.

1982-88 Member, Board of Directors, American Society of Primatologists.

1983-06 Member, IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group.

1983-00 Elected member, Lion-tailed Macaque Species Survival Plan Committee, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums.

1984 Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Comparative Primate Biology, Alan R. Liss, Inc.

1984 Member, Scientific Programme Committee, Xth Congress of the International Primatological Society.

1984-86 President, American Society of Primatologists.

1984-86 Member, Executive Board, International Primatological Society.

1985-90 Member, Species Survival Plan Sub-Committee, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums.

1987 Member, Editor Search Committee, American Journal of Primatology.

1988-91 Chair, Cheetah Research Council, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums.

1989-1998 Editor, Zoo Biology.

1988-96 Member, Research Advisory Board, International Society for Endangered Cats.

1991 Member, Peer review panel, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

1991-96 Member, American Zoo Association Research Coordinator's Committee.

1992 Chair, Nominations Committee, American Society of Primatologists.

1992 Member, Nominations Committee, International Society of Primatologists.

1992 Member, NIH Site Review Panel, New England Regional Primate Research Center, Harvard University.

1992-96 Member, Comparative Medicine Review Committee, National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health.

1993-00 Member, International Environmental Enrichment Steering Committee

1994-01 Behavior Research Coordinator, Rhino Taxon Advisory Group, American Zoo Association.

1993 Delegate, Population Habitat Viability Analysis Workshop for Lion-tailed macaques, IUCN/CBSG, Madras, India.

1994 Member, NIH Site Review Panel, California Regional Primate Research Center, University of California, Davis.

1995-00 Member, Editorial Board for Zoo Publications, Smithsonian Institution Press.

1995-96 Member, Publications Committee, American Society of Primatologists.

1996-07 Team Leader, Giant Panda Program, Zoological Society of San Diego

1997-00 Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science.

1997-98 Member, Conservation Committee, American Society of Primatologists.

1998-00 Member, Research and Development Committee, American Society of Primatologists.

1997- North American species coordinator for giant pandas, Amer. Zoo Assoc.

1998 Member, Search Committee, CRES director, Zool. Society San Diego.

1999-03 Chair, Science and Technology Committee, American Zoo Association.

1999 Member, Scientific Advisory Committee, The Hong Kong Society for Panda Conservation

1999 Member, Ad hoc Committee: status of American Journal of Primatology.

2000 Member, American Zoo Association Animal Welfare Committee

2001 Member, Long Range Planning Committee, American Zoo Association



1977 Consultant, primate surveys, Government of India, Ministry of Science and Technology (NIH, Inter-agency Primate Steering Committee), Calcutta, India.

1980 Consultant, National Cancer Institute's primate research project, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

1986 Consultant, China Wildlife Conservation Association and Beijing Center for Breeding Endangered Species. Captive breeding and field research on the golden monkey, Rhinopithecus roxellana, Beijing, Chengdu, and Baihe, China.

1986-88 Consultant, National Institutes of Health, on rehabilitation of limb-deafferented crab-eating macaques. Delta Primate Research Center, Tulane University, Covington, LA.

1990 Consultant, NIH Ad hoc Committee on Surplus Chimpanzees, Washington, DC.

1990 Consultant, establishment of an Endangered Species Institute, Honolulu, HA.

1991 Consultant on establishment of a research program, Indianapolis Zoo.

2006 Government of China, developing eco-tourism facilities at the Wolong Nature Reserve

Invited Lectures

1968 Invited lecture, "Social Regulatory Mechanisms in Primates," U.S.-Japan Cooperative Science Seminar, Atlanta, Ga.

1976 Annual meeting speaker, The Natural History Museum Alliance, Los Angeles, "A study of monkeys in a north Indian forest," Los Angeles Natural History Museum.

1990 Raymond M. Gilmore Memorial Lecture, “Changing Habitats for Asian Macaques,” San Diego Natural History Museum.

1990 Featured speaker, "Ex situ Propagation of Endangered Wildlife," 13th Annual Meeting, American Society of Primatologists, Davis, CA.

1991 Invited lecture, workshop on "Chimpanzee Conservation and Public Health," Diagnon Corp., Washington, DC.

1992 Invited speaker and panelist, "Animal Welfare and Conservation: Ethical Paradoxes in Modern Zoos and Aquariums," Atlanta, AZA-NSF Bioethics Workshop.

1992 Invited lecture, "Designing for the Future: Primates in Zoos,"Annual Meeting, American Association of Primate Veterinarians, San Diego, CA.

1992 Invited address, "Beating the Odds: Successful Program for Cheetah Breeding," Association of VA Veterinary Medical Officers, Anaheim, CA.

1993 Invited lecture, “Enrichment Through Foraging.” First International Conference on Enrichment of Zoo Animals, Portland, OR.

1994 Invited lecture, “Captive breeding of lion-tailed macaques: Saving grace or moral atrocity?” Inaugural meeting, Southern California Primate Research Forum, Pitzer College (CA).

1994 Invited lecture, “Preserving individuals versus conserving populations: Is there a conflict?” Tufts University Workshop, “Wildlife Conservation, Zoo and Animal Protection,” White Oak Plantation (GA).

1995 Invited symposium paper, "Steady-State Propagation of Captive Lion-tailed Macaques." American Society of Primatologists Annual Meeting.

1995 Invited lecture, "Behavioral Issues in Reproductive Management of Cheetahs, With Implications for the Giant Panda," Second International Conference on Animal Enrichment, Copenhagen, Denmark.

1995 Invited lecture, "How Can Changes in Captive Management Improve the Reproduction of Giant Pandas?" Giant Panda Technical Committee Meeting, Chengdu, China.

1996 Invited symposium paper, "Experimental Reintroductions as a Conservation Strategy," 16th International Primatological Society/19th American Society of Primatologists Joint Congress.

1997 Guest lecture, "Is the Zoo an Endangered Species?" Simpósio Internacional: O Futuro dos Zoológicos na Conservação da Biodiversidade, Jardim Zoológico de Brasilia, Brazil.

1997 Invited Participant and lecturer, "Reproductive Performance of Male Giant Pandas in Chinese Zoos." International....etc

1997 Invited lecture, "Behaviour and Nutrition of Captive Wild Animals," Symposium : "Nutrition of Wild and Captive Wild Animals," Joint meeting: Nutrition Society, Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, British Federation of Zoos, Edinburgh, Scotland. (declined)

1998 Invited lecture, "Ex situ sanctuaries and retirement facilities for captive great apes," AZA-NSF Symposium on Great Apes and Humans at an Ethical Frontier," Orlando, FL. (declined)

1999 State of the Panda address, February, San Diego.

1999 Speaker, Giant Panda Naming Ceremony, December, San Diego

2001 Invited plenary address, "The Lion-tailed Macaque in North America: A century of captive experience." 5th International Symposium on the Lion-tailed macaque, Mysore, India, January, 1999.

2000 State of the Panda address, February, San Diego.

2002 Guest lecturer, 2nd annual Geoffroy Bourne Memorial Lecture, Georgia Institute of Technology and Zoo Atlanta, March, 2001.

2003 Plenary Session Speaker, International Primatological Society Congress, Beijing, China (declined).

2004 Distinguished Primatologist address, American Society of Primatologists, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. "From Primates to Pandas: Are There Common Threads of Inquiry?"

Organized Events

Panda 2000: Conservation Priorities for the New Millennium

1972 Conference Co-organizer and Contributor, "Primate Utilization and Conservation," Batelle Seattle Research Institute.(Published)

1975 Symposium organizer, "Sociobiology of the Genus Macaca," annual meeting, American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Denver, April.

1980 Symposium organizer: "Primate Reproductive Strategies," annual meeting, American Anthropological Association, Washington, DC, December (results published in Amer. J. Primatol., Suppl. to Vol. 1, 1982).

1990 Organizer, 3rd International Symposium on the Lion-tailed Macaque, San Diego, CA. (published in ZooNooz)

1991 Co-organizer (with Helena Fitch) and co-chair of symposium, "Basic animal behavior research at zoos," American Society of Zoologists, Atlanta.

1991 Co-organizer (with Rick Barongi) of international workshop on the Bonobo, San Diego.

1993 Co-organizer (with Devra Kleiman), Symposium: “Behavioral Research in Zoos,” American Zoo Association Annual Meeting, Omaha, NE.

2000 Organizer and Program Co-chair (with Karen Baragona), Panda 2000: Conservation Priorities for the New Millennium, San Diego, CA, October, 2000.

Miscellaneous Invited Participations

1976 Moderator, L.S.B. Leakey Foundation, "The Great Apes: A Dialogue with Jane Goodall, Dian Fossey, and Birute Galdikas," California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.

1978 Panelist, UCLA/NSF Women in Science Career Workshop.

1981 Discussant: Symposium on "Gray langur behavior and its development," 80th annual meeting, American Anthropological Association, Los Angeles, December.

1982 Discussant: Symposium on "Behavior and needs of nonhuman primates in captivity," IXth Congress of the International Primatological Society, Atlanta, August 10.

1983 International Symposium Participant, "Conservation of the Lion-Tailed Macaque." Baltimore Zoo, Baltimore, MD.

1984 Discussant and symposium chair: "Gorilla development and social behavior," Western Psychological Association annual meeting, Los Angeles.

1985 Moderator: University of California Extension (San Diego) and Zoological Society of San Diego special lecture, "If Apes Could Talk," by Dr. Roger Fouts and Joan Taylor.

1986 Moderator: San Diego State University and Zoological Society of San Diego special lecture, "Our Human Roots," by Dr. Richard Leakey.

1990 Invited participant, NIH Workshop, "Monkey Behavior and Laboratory Issues," Bethesda, MD.

1993-97 Behavioral Advisor, Giant Panda Species Survival Plan.

1996 Participant, Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (IUCN) workshop on captive giant pandas in China, Chengdu, China.

1997 Invited participant, World Wildlife Fund-Ministry of Forestry (China) Workshop on Reintroduction of Giant Pandas, Wolong, China.

2002 US Fish and Wildlife Service, evaluation of the status of giant pandas in China.


National Science Foundation

Guggenheim Foundation

Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Study Program

National Geographic Society

L.S.B. Leakey Foundation

Wenner Gren Foundation

Center for Field Research

Field Museum of Natural History

Griffiths Foundation (New York Zoological Society)

University of Chicago Press

Cornell University Press

Academic Press

Smithsonian Institution Press


American Journal of Primatology

Quarterly Review of Biology

American Journal of Physical Anthropology

American Anthropologist

Conservation Biology


Zoo Biology

International Journal of Primatology

Wildlife Research (Australia)

American Association of Laboratory Animal Science

Lab Animal

Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science

Cambridge University Press

Journal of Zoology, London


Journal of Comparative Psychology

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A.


International Zoo Yearbook

Enslow Publishers, Inc.

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.


PDF Print Version (as part of Curriculum Vitae)


Bermant, G., and D.G. Lindburg (eds.). Primate Utilization and Conservation, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1975.

Lindburg, D.G. (ed.). The Macaques: Studies in Ecology, Behavior, and Evolution, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1980.

Fa, J., and D.G. Lindburg (eds.). Evolutionary Ecology and Behaviour of Macaques. Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Strum, S.C., D.G. Lindburg, and D. Hamburg (eds.). The New Physical Anthropology: Science, Humanism, and Critical Reflection. Prentice-Hall, 1999.

Lindburg, D.G. and K. Baragona (eds.). Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation. Univ. of California Press, 2004.

Book Chapters

Lindburg, D.G. The rhesus monkey in North India: An ecological and behavioral study. Pp. 1-106 in Primate Behavior: Developments in Field and Laboratory Research (L.A. Rosenblum, ed.), Vol. II. Academic Press, New York, 1971.

Lindburg, D.G. Grooming behavior as a regulator of social interactions in rhesus monkeys. Pp. 124-148 in Behavioral Regulators of Behavior in Primates (C.R. Carpenter, ed.). Bucknell University Press, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, 1973.

Lindburg, D.G. Feeding behaviour and diet of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) in a Siwalik forest in North India. Pp. 223-249 in Primate Ecology: Studies of Feeding and Ranging Behaviour in Lemurs, Monkeys and Apes (T.H. Clutton-Brock, ed.). Academic Press, London, 1977.

Fittinghoff, N.A., and D.G. Lindburg. Riverine refuging in East Bornean Macaca fascicularis. Pp. 182-214 in The Macaques (D.G. Lindburg, ed.). Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1980.

Lindburg, D.G. Mating behavior and estrus in the Indian rhesus monkey. Pp. 45-61 in Perspectives in Primate Biology (P.K. Seth, ed.). Today and Tomorrow Publishers, Inc., New Delhi, 1983.

Lindburg, D.G., J.M. Berkson and L.K. Nightenhelser. Primate breeding in zoos: A ten year summary. Pp. 162-170 in One Medicine (O.A. Ryder and M.L. Byrd, eds.). Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984.

Lindburg, D.G., S. Shideler and H. Fitch. Sexual behavior in relation to time of ovulation in the lion-tailed macaque. Pp. 131-148 in The Lion-tailed Macaque (P. Heltne, ed.). Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York, 1985.

Lasley, B.L., N.M. Czekala and D.G. Lindburg. Urinary estrogen profiles in the lion-tailed macaque. Pp. 149-159 in The Lion-tailed Macaque (P. Heltne, ed.). Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York, 1985.

Lindburg, D.G., and B.L. Lasley. Strategies for optimizing the reproductive potential of lion-tailed macaque colonies in captivity. Pp. 343-356 in The Lion-tailed Macaque (P. Heltne, ed.). Alan R. Liss, Inc., New York, 1985.

Lindburg, D.G., J. Berkson and L. Nightenhelser. The contribution of zoos to primate conservation. Pp. 295-300 in Primate Ecology and Conservation (J. Else and P. Lee, eds.), Vol. 2 of the Proceedings, 10th Congress, International Primatological Society, Nairobi, 1984. Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Southwick, C.H., and D.G. Lindburg. The primates of India: Status, trends, and conservation. Pp. 171-187 in Primates: The Road to Self-sustaining Populations (K. Benirschke, ed.). Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986.

Lindburg, D.G. Seasonality of reproduction in primates. Pp. 167-218 in Comparative Primate Biology, Vol. 2-B (G. Mitchell, ed.). Alan R. Liss, New York, 1987.

Lindburg, D.G., and Lindburg, L.L. Success breeds a quandary: To cull or not to cull. Pp. 195-208 in “Ethics on the Ark: Zoos, Animal Welfare, and Wildlife Conservation,” B. Norton, M. Hutchins, E. Stevens, T. Maple (eds.), Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995.

Lindburg, D.G., and J. Coe. Ark design update: Primate needs and requirements. Pp. 553-570 in “Conservation of Endangered Species in Captivity,” E. Gibbons, B. Durrant, J. Demerest (eds.), SUNY Press, 1995.

Lindburg, D.G., and N.C. Harvey. Reproductive biology of captive lion-tailed macaques. Pp. 318-341 in “Evolutionary Ecology and Behaviour of Macaques,” J. Fa, D. G. Lindburg (eds.). Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996.

Lindburg, D.G. Preserving individuals versus conserving populations: Is there a conflict? Pp. 152-164 in "Wildlife Conservation, Zoos and Animal Protection: A Strategic Analysis," Andrew N. Rowan, Ed., Proceedings of a Workshop held at the Whie Oak Conservation Center, Yulee, FL, April21-24, 1994, 1996.

Lindburg, D.G., and S.E. Millard. Behavioral issues in reproductive management of cheetahs, with implications for the giant panda. Pp. 251-259 in Proceedings, Second International Conference on Environmental Enrichment, B. Holst (ed.), Copenhagen Zoo, 1997.

Lindburg, D.G., J. Iaderosa, and L. Gledhill. Steady-state propagation of captive lion-tailed macaques in North American zoos: A conservation strategy. Pp. 131-149 in "Primate Conservation: The Role of Zoological Parks, Janette Wallis (ed.), Special Topics in Primatology, Vol. 1, American Society of Primatologists, 1997.

Lindburg, D.G. Enrichment of captive mammals through provisioning. Pp.262-276 in “Second Nature: Environmental Enrichment for Captive Animals,” D. Shepherdson, J. Mellen, M. Hutchins (eds.). Smithsonian University Press, 1998.

Lindburg, D.G. Zoos as arks: Issues in ex situ propagation of endangered wildlife. Pp. 201-213 in "The New Physical Anthropology: Science, Humanism, and Critical Reflection,"S.C. Strum, D.G. Lindburg, and D. Hamburg (eds.). Prentice-Hall, 1999.

Lindburg, D. G., R. R. Swaisgood, J. Zhang, E. Narushima, and X. Zhou. Stereotyped behavior in the giant panda. Making enrichment a 21st Century Priority. Proc. 5th International Conference on Environment Enrichment, Sydney, Australia, November, 2001, pp. 189-193.

Lindburg, D., and Baragona, K., (2004). A new dawning for giant pandas? In Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation. (Lindburg, D., and Baragona, K., eds.), pp 1-5. Berkeley, University of California Press.

Lindburg, D., and Baragona, K., (2004). Consensus and challenge: the giant panda’s day is now. In Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation. (Lindburg, D., and Baragona, K., eds.), pp 271-276. Berkeley, University of California Press.

Scientific Articles

Lindburg, D.G. Rhesus monkeys: Mating season mobility of adult males. Science 166: 1176-1178, 1969.

Lindburg, D.G. Dietary habits of rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta Zimmermann) living in Indian forests. J. Bombay Natural Hist. Soc. 73: 261-269, 1976.

Lindburg, D.G. Status and captive reproduction of the lion-tailed macaque, (Macaca silenus). Intl. Zoo Yrbk. 20: 60-64, 1980.

Lasley, B.L., D.G. Lindburg, P.T. Robinson and K. Benirschke. Captive breeding of exotic species. J. Zoo An. Med. 12: 67-73, 1981.

Lindburg, D.G. Primate obstetrics: The biology of birth. Amer. J. Primatol., Suppl. 1: 193-199, 1982.

Shideler, S.E., and D.G. Lindburg. Selected aspects of (Lemur variegatus) reproductive biology. Zoo Biology 1: 127-134, 1982.

Shideler, S.E., D.G. Lindburg and B.L. Lasley. Estrogen-behavior correlates in the reproductive physiology and behavior of the ruffed lemur (Lemur variegatus). Hormones and Behavior 17: 249-263, 1983.

Dolhinow, P., and D.G. Lindburg. A population survey of forest-dwelling rhesus monkeys (Primates: Cercopithecidae) in North India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India 76: 207-219, 1980. Reprinted in Perspectives in Primate Biology (P.K. Seth, ed.). Pp. 201-209, Today and Tomorrow Publishers, New Delhi, 1983.

Mitchell, W.R., D.G. Lindburg, S.E. Shideler, S. Presley and B.L. Lasley. Sexual behavior and urinary ovarian hormone concentrations during the lowland gorilla menstrual cycle. Intl. J. Primatol. 6: 161-172, 1985.

Shideler, S.E., W.R. Mitchell, D.G. Lindburg and B.L. Lasley. Monitoring luteal function in the lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) through urinary progesterone metabolite measurements. Zoo Biology 4: 65-73, 1985.

Tenaza, R., H. Fitch and D. Lindburg. Vocal behavior of captive Sichuan golden monkeys (Rhinopithecus r. roxellana), Amer. J. Primatol. 14: 1-9, 1988.

Lindburg, D.G. Improving the diets of captive felines through application of field data. Zoo Biology 7: 211-218, 1988.

Lindburg, D.G., A.M. Lyles and N.M. Czekala. Status and reproductive potential of lion-tailed macaques in captivity. Zoo Biology, Supplement 1: 5-16, 1989.

Smith, A., D.G. Lindburg and S. Vehrencamp. Effects of food preparation on feeding behavior of lion-tailed macaques. Zoo Biology 8: 57-65, 1989.

Bond, J.C., and D.G. Lindburg. Carcass feeding for captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus): The effects of a naturalistic feeding program on oral health and psychological well being. Applied Animal Behavioral Science 26: 373-382, 1990.

Lindburg, D.G. Proceptive calling by female lion-tailed macaques. Zoo Biology 9: 437-446, 1990. (Award winning paper)

Harvey, N.C., A.S. Clarke and D.G. Lindburg. Morphometric data for adult lion-tailed macaques. Amer. J. Physical Anthropol. 85:233-236, 1991.

Lindburg, D.G. Ecological requirements of macaques. Lab. Anim. Sci. 41: 315-322, 1991.

Clarke, A.S., N.C. Harvey and D.G. Lindburg. Reproductive coordination in a nonseasonally breeding primate species, (Macaca silenus). Ethology 91:46-58, 1992.

Lindburg, D.G., B.S. Durrant, S.E. Millard and J.E. Oosterhuis. Fertility assessment of cheetah males with poor quality semen. Zoo Biology 12:97-103, 1993.

Clarke, A.S., and D.G. Lindburg. Behavioral contrasts between male cynomolgus and lion-tailed macaques. Am. J. Primatol. 29:-49-59, 1993.

Ogden, J.J., D.G. Lindburg and T.L. Maple. Preference for structural environmental features in captive lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Zoo Biology 12:381-395, 1993.

Clarke, A.S., N.C. Harvey and D.G. Lindburg. Extended postpregnancy estrous cycles in female lion-tailed macaques. Am. J. Primatol. 31:275-285, 1993.

Ogden, J.J., D.G. Lindburg and T.L. Maple. A preliminary study of the effects of ecologically-relevant sounds on the behaviour of captive lowland gorillas. Appl. Animal. Beh. Sci., 39:163-176, 1994.

Lindburg, D.G., and H. Fitch-Snyder. Use of behavior to evaluate reproductive problems in captive mammals. Zoo Biology 13:433-445, 1994.

Clarke, A.S., N.M. Czekala, and D.G. Lindburg. Behavioral and adrenocortical responses of male cynomolgus and lion-tailed macaques to social stimulation and group formation. Primates 36:41-56, 1995.

Jurke, M., N. Czekala, D. Lindburg, and S. Millard. Fecal corticoid metabolite measurement in the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus). Zoo Biology 16:133-147, 1997.

Swaisgood, R.R., D.G. Lindburg, and X. Zhou. Giant pandas discriminate individual differences in conspecific scent. An. Behav. 57:1045-1053, 1999.

Zhang, G.Q., R.R. Swaisgood, R.P. Wei, H.M. Zhang, H.Y. Han, D.S. Li, L.F. Wu, A.M. White, and D.G. Lindburg. A method for encouraging maternal care in the giant panda. Zoo Biology 19:53-63, 2000.

Swaisgood, R.R., D.G. Lindburg, X. Zhou, and M.A. Owen. The effects of sex, reproductive condition and context on discrimination of conspecific odours by giant pandas. An. Behav. 60:227-237, 2000.

Harvey, N.C., and D.G.Lindburg. A long-term decline in swelling of the sexual skin in captive lion-tailed macaques. Primate Report 59:43-49, 2000.

Zhu, X., D. Lindburg, W. Pan, K. Forney, and D. Wang. The reproductive strategy of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca): infant growth and development and mother-infant relationships. Journal of Zoology, London 253:141-155, 2001.

Lindburg, D.G., N.M. Czekala, and R. Swaisgood. Hormonal and behavioral relationships during estrus in the giant panda. Zoo Biology 20:537-543, 2001.

Swaisgood, R. R., D. G. Lindburg, and H. Zhang. 2002. Discrimination of oestrous status in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca ) via chemical cues in urine. J. Zool. Lond. 257:381-386.

Swaisgood, R. R., Lindburg D. G., Zhang H. 2003. Application of behavioral knowledge to conservation in the giant panda. International Journal of Comparative Psychology 16:63-82.

Spady, Thomas. J., Donald.G. Lindburg and Barbara S. Durrant. (2007). Evolution of reproductive seasonality in bears. Mammal Rev. 37:21-53.

Editorials Published in Zoo Biology

Lindburg, D.G. A forum for good news. Zoo Biol. 8: 1-2, 1989.

Lindburg, D.G. Zoos and the "surplus" problem. Zoo Biol. 10:1-2, 1991. (Translated into Japanese by Tokyo Zoological Park Society, 1992).

Lindburg, D.G. Are wildlife reintroductions worth the cost? Zoo Biol. 11:1-2, 1992.

Lindburg, D.G. People, millennium arks, and the future of wildlife. Zoo Biol. 11:137-138, 1992.

Lindburg, D.G. Zoos validate an ancient premonition. Zoo Biol. 12:1-2, 1993. Lindburg, D.G. Curators and applied science. Zoo Biol. 12:317-319, 1993.

Lindburg, D.G. Macaques may have a bleak future in North American zoos. Zoo Biol. 12:407-409, 1993.

Lindburg, D.G. Better dead than captive bred? Zoo Biol. 13:1-2, 1994.

Lindburg, D.G. A think tank for endangered species. Zoo Biol. 14:1-3, 1995.

Lindburg, D.G. Equal time for the plants among us. Zoo Biol. 17:163-165, 1998.

Lindburg, D.G. Coming in out of the cold: Animal keeping in temperate zone zoos. Zoo Biol. 17:51-53, 1998.

Lindburg, D.G., and B.S. Durrant. Delayed reproduction: The good and the bad. Zoo Biol. 17:369-371 1998.

Lindburg, D.G. Zoos and the rights of animals. Zoo Biol. 18:433-448, 1999.

ZooNooZ Articles (San Diego Zoo)

Lindburg, D.G. Breeding the endangered lion-tailed monkey of India. Zoonooz 53: 16, 1980.

Lindburg, D.G. Behavioral problems in captive reproduction. Zoonooz 55: 4-7, 1982.

Lindburg, D. On food and the feeding of exotic animals. Zoonooz 59: 16-17, 1986.

Fitch, H., D.G. Lindburg and R. Tenaza. China's golden ventriloquists. Zoonooz 60(9): 4-9, 1987.

Lindburg, D.G.and A. Smith. Organoleptic factors in animal feeding. Zoonooz 61: 14-15, 1988.

Lindburg, D.G. When cheetahs are kings. Zoonooz 62(3): 5-10, 1989.

Clarke, A.S., and D.G. Lindburg. Can macaques live in all-male groups. Zoonooz 62(6): 16-17, 1989.

Lindburg, D.G., H. Fitch-Snyder and N. Harvey. Lion-tailed macaques on the road to survival (But does it lead home?). Zoonooz 63(5): 5-9, 1990.

Fitch-Snyder, H., and D. Lindburg. Labor and birth in the lion-tailed macaque. Zoonooz 63(5): 13-14, 1990.

Lindburg, D.G., B.S. Durrant, and N. Czekala. A Giant Panda Diary: Biology, Behavior, and Breeding. Zoonooz 70(8):8-13, 1997.

Lindburg, D. G., and N. M. Czekala. One singular sensation: Renewed hope for giant pandas. ZooNooz 72(12):8-13, December, 1999.

Lindburg, D.G., Swaisgood, R.R,. and C. Penny. Hua Mei grows up. ZooNooz 74(5)22-23, 2001.

Myers, Kathy, and Donald G. Lindburg. The Zoo’s Newest Bundle of Black-and-White. ZooNooz 77(2):10-15, 2004.

Lindburg, Don. Baby panda magic: reflections by those who know Mei Sheng. Kudu Connections, Winter, 2004:1, 4; ZooNooz 77(5):15, 2004.


Committee on Conservation of Nonhuman Primates. Nonhuman primates: Usage and availability for biomedical programs. Washington, DC, National Academy of Sciences (122 pp.), 1975.

Lindburg, D.G. The use of hormonal data in behavioral research. Annual Conference Proceedings, American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums, New Orleans, LA, pp. 250-260, 1981.

Lindburg, D.G. The captive population of Sulawesi macaques (Macaca nigra). IUCN/SSC Primate Specialist Group Newsletter 3: 39, 1983.

Lindburg, D.G., S. Millard and B. Lasley. Induced estrus in the cheetah. Pp. 560-563 in Proceedings, AAZPA Annual Conference, Columbus, OH, 1985.

Lindburg, D.G., and P. Robinson. Animal introductions: Some suggestions for easing the trauma. Animal Keepers' Forum 13: 8-11, 1986.

Lindburg, D.G. The Cheetahs of Loskop Sanctuary. 18-minute videotape, 1986.

Lindburg, D.G., and H. Fitch-Snyder. Priorities and directions in zoo behavioral research. Pp. 380-386 in Proceedings, 1988 AAZPA Annual Conference, Milwaukee, WI, September 25-29, 1988.

Lindburg, D.G. On getting cheetahs to reproduce. Cheetah News, 3(2):4-6, 1991.

Lindburg, D.G., and L. Gledhill. Captive breeding and conservation of lion-tailed macaques. Endangered Species UPDATE 10(1):1-4, 10, 1992.

Lindburg, D.G. Careers: Advice from leading professionals on how to get started. Endangered Species UPDATE (Special Insert), 10(6):3-4, 1993.

Lindburg, D.G., and S.E. Millard. How can changes in captive management improve the reproduction of giant pandas? Sichuan Publishing House, 1996.

Lindburg, D.G. Primates. Collier's Encyclopaedia 31:347-348, 1996.

Lindburg, D.G. Perfect timing: Bai Yun's spring estrus. CRES Report, Summer, 1998.

Lindburg, D.G., X. Huang, and S. Huang. Reproductive performance of male giant pandas in Chinese zoos. Pp. 67-71 in Proc. Int. Symp. on the Protection of the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), Chengdu, China, 1997. A. Zhang and G. He (eds). Chengdu, Sichuan Publishing House of Science and Technology, 1998.

Swaisgood, R.R., D.G. Lindburg, and X. Zhou. Olfactory communication in giant pandas. Pp. 82-85 in Proc. Int. Symp. on the Protection of the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), Chengdu, China, 1997. A. Zhang and G. He (eds). Chengdu, Sichuan Publishing House of Science and Technology, 1998.

Czekala, N., D. Lindburg, B. Durrant, R. Swaisgood, T. He, and C. Tang. The estrogen profile, vaginal cytology, and behavior of a giant panda female during estrus. Pp. 111-113 in Proc. Int. Symp. on the Protection of the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), Chengdu, China, 1997. A. Zhang and G. He (eds). Chengdu, Sichuan Publishing House of Science and Technology, 1998.

Lindburg, D. G. Giant pandas and spring courtship: A narrow window of opportunity. CRES Report (Spring), pp. 1-2, 1999.

Lindburg, D. G. Giant panda reproduction at the San Diego Zoo. The Conservationist Newsletter 4(2):6-9, December, 1999.

Lindburg, D.G. Survival of the giant panda. Nature’s Best 5(1):28-29, 1999-2000.

Lindburg, D.G. “Splendid Beauty” arrives in San Diego. Communique, February, p.7-8, 2000.

Lindburg, D.G. The role of science in modern zoos and aquariums. . Communique, February, p.22-23, 2000.

Lindburg, D.G. Up-scale living for our giant pandas. CRES Report (Fall), 2001.

Lindburg, D.G. Macaque, Lion-Tailed. Encyclopedia of the World's Zoos (Cathrine E. Bell, ed.), Vol. 2:759-761. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001.

Lindburg, D.G. Panda, giant. Encyclopedia of the World's Zoos (Cathrine E. Bell, ed.), Vol. 2:952-954. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001.

Lindburg, D.G. Research, behavior. Encyclopedia of the World's Zoos (Cathrine E. Bell, ed.), Vol. 3:1080-1083. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001.

Lindburg, D.G. Zoo Biology. Encyclopedia of the World's Zoos (Cathrine E. Bell, ed.), Vol. 3:1391-1392. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001.

Lindburg, D.G. Shuffling the deck for San Diego's giant pandas. CRES Report (Fall), 2002.

Lindburg, D.G., Durrant, B.S., and C. Penny. Giant pandas: Bringing natural and artificial reproduction together. CRES Report, Summer, 2003:1-2.

Lindburg, D.G., and Megan Owen. Panda reproduction: The mystery of twinning. CRES Report, Winter, 2003:1-2.

Lindburg, D.G, What’s in a name? Su Lin: Pandas past and present. CRES Report (Winter), pp. 1-2, 2005.